Ophiasic, Plaque and Male Pattern — Donovan Hair Clinic
Of 26 patients with an atypical pattern, mean disease duration was 6.9 years. 6 patients had facial papules (4 with male pattern of FFA and 2 with ophiasic pattern). Six patients had lichen planus pigmenotsus (3 with male pattern and 3 with ophasic pattern of FFA).
Interestingly, the authors showed the ophiasic pattern showed the most rapid progression. Hairline at the back advanced at a rate of 2.25 centimeters per year. The male pattern advanced at only 1.02 cm per year and the plaque pattern at 0.67 cm per year. There was no statistical difference between the male and plaque pattern speed of progression.
Patients with the plaque pattern did not show loss of eyebrows. This was in contract to the male pattern and ophiasic patterns which had about 90 % of patients with loss of eyebrows.
Conclusion and Summary
This is a very small study with just a small number of patients in each of the three aytpical groups. nevertheless it has some important findings.
It appears that the plaque form (headdress form), seems to have the best prognosis of the three forms and slowest progression. Patients with the plaque form did not have facial papules, and did not have lichen planus pigmentosus and did not have eyebrow loss.
In contrast, the ophiasic form seemed to have the worse prognosis and the prognosis of the male pattern was somewhere in between. Both types of FFA showed the presence of facial papules, lichen planus pigmentosus and eyebrow alopecia and more rapid hair loss progression than the plaque form.
Rocha VB et al. Uncommon subtypes of frontal fibrosing alopecia: retrospective analysis of clinical characteristics and prognosis. Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia An Bras Dermatol . Mar-Apr 2022;97(2):260-262.
L.A. Contin et al. Patchy Frontal Fibrosing Alopecia: Description of an Incomplete Clinical Presentation. Skin Appendage Disord, 3 (2017), pp. 190-192
A. Rossi, et al. Unusual patterns of presentation of frontal fibrosing alopecia: A clinical and trichoscopic analysis of 98 patientsJ Am Acad Dermatol, 77 (2017), pp. 172-174