Tinnitus and ginkgo biloba

Name of treatment

Ginkgo biloba

Type of treatment

Dietary supplement

Claims for treatment

Reduces/eliminates the tinnitus percept

How treatment is delivered

Orally as tablets

Potential negative consequences

Side effects[1]


Evidence offered:


Papers available

>50 via PubMed

Conclusions drawn

The limited evidence does not demonstrate that Ginkgo biloba is effective for tinnitus when this is the primary complaint.[2] It does not reduce the intensity of tinnitus or improve quality of life.[3]

Quality of evidence[4]


Does the BTA recommend this treatment?

No. Dietary supplements should not be recommended to treat tinnitus.[5] [6] [7]

BTA opinion on this treatment:

Although independent evidence is limited, what there is does not show that Ginkgo biloba is effective for tinnitus. The potential side effects may cause serious harm. We would suggest you talk to your GP before taking any new medication or supplement.

Would the BTA support further studies into this treatment?


Verdict: Safety – is this treatment harmful?

  Evidence of harm

Verdict: Efficacy – does this treatment work?

  Evidence that it has no effect


Numerous studies over a long period of time have not shown any positive effect from taking Ginkgo biloba

For further information

The BTA Tinnitus Support Team can answer your questions on any tinnitus related topics:

Telephone: 0800 018 0527
Web chat: – click on the icon
Email: [email protected]
Text/SMS: 07537 416841

We also offer a free tinnitus e-learning programme, Take on Tinnitus.

Download this information

This information is in PDF format.


We welcome feedback on all our information. You can pass your comments to our Communications Team:

Telephone: 0114 250 9933
Email: [email protected]
or by writing to us at the address below.


[1] Drugsite Trust. Ginkgo biloba. Available from https://www.drugs.com/cdi/ginkgo-biloba.html [accessed 18 July 2022]

[2] Hilton MP, Zimmermann EF, Hunt WT. Ginkgo biloba for tinnitus. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD003852. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003852.pub3.

[3] Kramer F, Ortigoza Á. Ginkgo biloba for the treatment of tinnitus. Medwave. 2018 Oct 17;18(6):e7295. English, Spanish. doi: 10.5867/medwave.2018.06.7294. Erratum in: Medwave. 2018 Nov 13;18(7):e7337. PMID: 30339143.

[4] A = Systematic review/meta analysis. B = Randomised control studies. C = Cohort studies. D = Case control studies. E = case studies/reports. +/- to be used to indicate quality within bands

[5] Coelho C, Tyler R, Ji H, Rojas-Roncancio E, Witt S, Tao P, Jun HJ, Wang TC, Hansen MR, Gantz BJ. (2016) Survey on the Effectiveness of Dietary Supplements to Treat Tinnitus. American Journal of Audiology. 25(3): 184-205

[6] British Society of Audiology. Practice Guidance – Tinnitus in Adults. (2021) Available from: https://www.thebsa.org.uk/resources/practice-guidance-tinnitus-in-adults/

[7] Tunkel DE, Bauer CA, Sun GH, et al. Clinical Practice Guideline: Tinnitus. Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery. 2014;151(2_suppl): S1-S40. doi:10.1177/0194599814545325

Author: Nic Wray

Version 2.0

Updated: 18 July 2022

To be reviewed: July 2025

 Photo by Junjie Tam on Unsplash

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